Production Management is concerned with economic aspects of production processes occurring in industrial enterprises. Independent from the multiple appearances of real production processes, industrial production processes are uniformly marked by the fact that it is possible to reach a transformation from individual goods (production factors) to material goods (final products) through the application of technological and scientific principles. In practise, the transformation process is based on a division of work and is carried utilizes a multitude of machinery and tools. In order to perform this process in accordance to economic efficiency principles, a potential solution for complex planning and control problems has to form the basis for further procedure. The aim of production management is to develop proposition-systems in order to explain, shape, and deduce acceptable solutions for the given problems. The research field of production planning and control can be divided in three sub-problems:
Decision-making models as well as solution-procedures must be developed for these sub-problems as well as combined to a integrated system of production planning and control (particularly, because of the multiple interdependencies between theses sub-problems). Thus, the utilization of quantitative methods and computer-based information systems is unavoidable, if the complexity of real-life problems is to be grasped adequately. Therefore, production management also relies upon production-relevant concepts from Operation Research and computer science.